Flood control and drought resistance have always been a matter of Hubei Tianda. At present, Hubei has entered the flood season, which also means that the flood control and drought resistance have entered the actual combat stage. This year is also the first year of the adjustment of the flood control and drought resistance command system. What is the situation of Hubei Province's flood control and drought resistance? What preparations have been made to respond? Recently, the relevant person in charge of the Emergency Management Department of Hubei Province responded to this.
According to the authoritative forecast of the meteorological department, the total annual meteorological outlook of China in 2019 will be biased, and the Yangtze River, especially the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, may experience heavy flooding. Except for the northwestern Hubei Province, the summer rainfall in Hubei Province is less than that in the northwestern Hubei Province. In most other areas, it is more than 10% to 50%, in which the eastern Hubei area is more than 20% to 50%. The probability of sustained heavy rainfall is high, and regional floods are prone to occur. After the end of March, local heavy rainfall is prone to occur in Hubei Province's eastern Hubei, southeast Hubei, and southwest Hubei. In addition, this year is the El Nino year, the uncertainty of extreme weather events has increased, and the situation of flood prevention and drought resistance is severe and complicated.
Hubei bases itself on preventing floods, grabbing major dangers, and responding to major disasters. It focuses on investigating hidden dangers and making up for shortcomings, doing a good job of countermeasures and prevention, and paying close attention to five areas of work:
Pay close attention to the implementation of responsibilities. Combining with the reform of the emergency management system, the provincial defense refers to timely adjustment of leaders and members. It is clear that the secretary and the governor are in charge of the political commissar and commander. They have made up their minds and efforts to implement the responsibility system of “both party and government responsibilities, one position and two responsibilities”. At all levels, full accountability is achieved. At present, administrative responsible persons such as the important embankments of large rivers and large rivers, large and medium-sized reservoirs for flood control and key flood-proof cities in the province have been approved and reported to the National Defense Corps; the names of 348 large and medium-sized reservoir safety persons in the province have been made public on the Internet; the Yangtze River and Han River And 595 three-level technical responsible persons in cities, counties, and townships with important tributaries and dikes have entered the post to perform their duties, and have basically established a hierarchy of clear-cut responsibility systems for flood and drought resistance.
Pay close attention to prevention before the flood. Since March, the province's emergency, water conservancy, and meteorological departments have conducted special joint consultations on local heavy rainfall, urban waterlogging and other issues three times to analyze the situation and implement countermeasures. The Provincial Defense Office has conducted in-depth investigations in key river basins throughout the province. To guide the improvement of the insurance industry and insurance section.
Pay close attention to source management. In order to solve the problems of the province's insufficient drainage capacity, weak flood protection capacity of lakes and dykes, low flood control standards for small and medium rivers, and heavy task of strengthening dangerous reservoirs, the province launched four major short board repair projects in 2017. At present, the construction of 12 pumping stations in key flood-prone areas has completed the main project, and 10 pumping stations can play a role in the flood season this year; the five lakes' dyke reinforcement projects have completed more than 70% of the overall construction tasks; 14 major tributaries to the river have been completed 5; 1,280 small and dangerous reservoirs have been removed and reinforced, and 800 have been completed. At the same time, Hubei Province has accelerated the construction of major water-saving and water-supply projects, such as the allocation of water resources in the northern Hubei region and the flood-storage project in the eastern part of Honghu Lake, to build a strong flood prevention and drought resistance engineering system.
Pay close attention to capacity building. In accordance with the requirements of preventing floods and grabbing major risks, the province has strengthened its material reserves and emergency team building. In terms of flood prevention and drought relief materials clearance and replenishment, the provincial level reserves more than 100 varieties of emergency materials, equipment, and equipment, totaling 271,000 pieces, worth more than 38 million yuan. There are 1.768 million cubic meters of sand and gravel reserves along the Yangtze River and Han River, and a certain number of emergency materials have been stored near key large and medium-sized reservoir dams. In terms of emergency team construction, the province has built 112 emergency teams for flood control and drought relief, and registered mass emergency rescue teams. Provincial planning focuses on promoting the establishment of a "one master and four deputies" professional rescue team, strengthening communication and connection with the People's Liberation Army and the Armed Police Force, and establishing a cooperative linkage mechanism.
Pay close attention to inspection and supervision. In March and April, on the basis of self-examination and correction in various places, the province sent 19 inspection teams led by department-level cadres to various places to implement responsibilities, key flood prevention projects in the river basin, flood preparation for water-related projects, and pre-flood. Hidden hazards are inspected and rectified in eight areas, and pull-net inspections are carried out to urge all relevant departments around the country to rectify the hidden dangers of projects such as dikes, reservoirs, sluices, pumping stations, and water damage and bankruptcy. As of the end of April, 1480 water damage repair tasks in the province were all completed, and the levee bank collapse, disease and dangerous projects with large impacts were all treated or various flood measures were implemented.
The person in charge said that in the next step, the emergency management department will comprehensively sort out the hidden dangers and problems found in the pre-flood inspections, establish a rectification account for problem rectification, implement the rectification person by item, and clarify the rectification standards and time requirements. If it is difficult to rectify temporarily, strictly implement the emergency plan and improve emergency measures. According to the flood, rain, and flood conditions, organize localities to strictly replenish reserve materials and equipment in accordance with the pre-planned plan, regulate on-duty watchkeeping, patrol and risk inspection, and make good use of information from meteorological and hydrological departments to comprehensively monitor changes in rain, water, engineering, and water conditions, and timely Issued flood and drought disaster warnings, resolved the hidden dangers in the bud, and worked hard to win a full victory in flood control and drought relief this year. (He Xiwen, Zhou Yi, Liu Hao)